The French notion "Concertation" covers a wide spectrum of practices that extend from consultation of the public by authorities to joint decision-making, including in particular public participation and stakeholder engagement. Such practices have become a major feature today in addressing environmental issues. One of the goals of the Concertation, Décision, Environment (CDE) programme is to understand the stakes involved in public participation and related processes, and how these processes work. It is also to analyse their evolution and to look at experience feedback in order to improve methods in the future. Like all the research programmes of the ministry in charge of environment, CDE contributes to the progress of scientific work and to enhancing environmental and sustainable-development policies.

>> Read more in the booklet


During the first phase of the programme (1999-2005), more than 30 research projects were financed for more than €1.2 million. This first phase made it possible to encourage and structure the research by calling on a broad range of disciplines in the humanities and social sciences (sociology, political science, geography, psychology, management, information and communication sciences, philosophy), as well as to encourage dialog between researchers and practitioners, and to develop interdisciplinarity. 


In 2008, the programme entered into a second phase with the launching in 2008 and in 2009 of two new calls for research proposals by the ministry of ecology, energy, sustainable development and regional development (MDD). One of the goals is to produce an assessment of the different waves of experimentation in the way environmental problems are stated, how they are debated, how conflict is managed, and the way to articulate this type of consultation with decision making.

20 research projects are financed:


  • SEMIPAR - Military secret and public participation: the case of basic nuclear installations and facilities classified for environmental protection
    Philippe BILLET - Institut du droit à l'environnement - Université Jean Moulin - Lyon 3 (abstract)

  • Management of protected natural areas and public participation: what effect on the decision?  
    Christophe BOUNI - Bureau d'études ASCA  Final report (tome 1 et tome 2 )

  • Professional practices, markets & policies. Standardisation in viticulture and deliberative process
    Didier BUSCA - CERTOP Université Toulouse-le-Mirail (abstract)

  • A history of public participation in the measurement and control of air quality: administrative framing, scientific neutrality and citizens’ overwhelming initiatives
    Florian CHARVOLIN - MODYS CNRS  (abstract)

  • A national park in the Calanques of Marseille? Construction of territorial forms of consultation and principles of legitimacy
    Valérie DELDREVE - CEMAGREF de Bordeaux- and Philippe DEBOUDT - Université des Sciences et Technologies de Lille 1 (abstract)

  • The import of public engagement. Towards a sociological modelling of public participation impacts on decision-making processes
    Jean-Michel FOURNIAU - Département économie et sociologie des transports de l'INRETS

  • From training to uncertainty to governance through uncertainty: local actors facing the risk management plan of the industrial harbour area of Dunkerque 
    Séverine FRERE - Université du Littoral (abstract)

  • Urban design projects integrating user expertise: Can a collaborative workspace improve public participation
    Claudine GUIDAT - Ecole Nationale Supérieure en Génie des Systèmes Industriels (abstract)

  • Participation of the public and co-production of street cleanliness. Compared field studies in Mulhouse and Besançon (France), Rufisque (Senegal) and Mohammedia (Morocco)
    Christian GUINCHARD - LASA Université de Franche-Comté (abstract)

  • The ''Grenelle de l'environnement'': actors, speech, effects 
    Pierre LASCOUMES and Daniel BOY - Centre d’Etude de la vie politique française (CEVIPOF)  (abstract)

  • Decision-making in crisis situations: waste-management, conflicts and concertation (France, Italy, Mexico)
    Patrice MELE - Université de Tours UMR CITERES (abstract)

  • Public participation in developing national regulations on the environment in France and abroad. Democratic requirement, legal necessity  
    Gérard MONEDIAIRE - CRIDEAU Université de Limoges  (abstract)

  • Framing citizen’s expression in participative procedures at the local level in environment: a European comparison
    Laurence MONNOYER-SMITH - Université de Technologies de Compiègne (abstract)

  • Eco-neighbourhood and urban ecological experiments: participatory dynamics and logic of usage. A comparative study in France and Catalonia 
    Amandine GUILBERT - GRAC Université Lyon 2 and COPSAT Université de Barcelone (abstract)

  • Outcomes and transferability of a participatory design: a comparison of Seveso sites     
    Odile PIRIOU - Laboratoire Interdisciplinaire pour la Sociologie Economique, CNRS-CNAM (abstract)

  • Ordinary actors in participatory dynamics linked to environmental questions
    Roland RAYMOND - Université de Savoie (abstract)

  • Towards a ''New Spirit of Democracy'', established participation and citizen engagement around the planning for the intercommunal eco-neighbourhood Union-Roubaix, Tourcoing
    Majdouline SBAI - Université Populaire & Citoyenne (UTC) Roubaix  (abstract)

  • Adaptation to climate change: historical perspectives on how the issue is framed in planning  
    Olivier SOUBEYRAN - Institut de Géographie Alpine (abstract)

  • Foresight and participation. Scenarios for marine protected areas 
    Sébastien TREYER - CIRED AgroParisTech (abstract)

  • The citizen consultation in eco-neighborhoods projects in France: assessment and European perspectives
    Jodelle ZETLAOUI-LEGER - IUP Créteil (abstract)